What is Chlamydia?

6

Chlamydia

is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis, which can damage both male and female reproductive organs.

Symptoms of chlamydia

are usually mild or absent in 50-70% of cases, serious complications may lead to irreversible damage, including infertility due to Fallopian tube obstruction can occur even before a woman recognizes a problem. Chlamydia also can cause urethral discharge from the penis of an infected man, as well as more serious complications such as prostatitis (infection in prostate) and orchitis (infection in the testes) .

Chlamydia trachomatis increases the risk of HIV infection 

Serious chlamydial infection might lead to testicularitis, seminal vesiculitis, vasitis and infertility in males, as well as cervical mucositis, endometritis, salpingitis, ectopic pregnancy and infertility in females, if not treated timely.  If Chlamydia trachomatis is hidden in the body, even if successfully pregnant, the bacteria could be transmitted to the baby through birth giving, leading to chlamydia conjunctivitis or pneumonia.  Among those males infected with non-gonococcal urethritis and females infected with cervical mucositis, about half was caused by chlamydial infection.  Unfortunately, as many as 80% of women and 25% of men infected with Chlamydia trachomatis have no obvious symptoms, so the general public’s awareness of this STI is insufficient.  However, if the patient is treated early, chlamydia is not incurable, and the patient can be cured by taking an antibiotic prescribed by a doctor.  In addition, the use of condoms in every sexual contact can reduce the chance of infection.